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But if engagement leads to reduction in refugees from the Horn

Peace breaks out in the Horn of Africa between Ethiopia and Eritrea

cheap nike jordans for sale Near the capital Asmara, an Eritrean soldier guards Ethiopian prisoners of war Wednesday, Feb. 10, 1999 captured during the last four days of cheap Air max shoes fighting at the Badme front. (AP Photo/Sami Sallinen) cheap nike jordans for sale

cheap jordans 2014 By Tom Campbell cheap jordans 2014

cheap kicks Peace has just broken out in the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia and Eritrea have been at war since 1998, though the actual fighting stopped in cheap jordans china 2000. Close to 100,000 people were killed in this conflict. In the intervening years, cheap air force a cold war prevailed, serving as a justification for high military budgets that neither country could afford. Two weeks ago, Ethiopia announced it was accepting a 2005 international arbitration it had previously refused, drawing the boundary line between the two countries in Eritrea’s favor. A new government that took over in Ethiopia last April has set a dramatically new course cheap yeezys for cheap jordans on sale its country. Eritrea has just responded favorably, and a window of opportunity has been opened. cheap kicks

cheap jordan shoes for men Why should America pay attention? First, because human suffering touches us. For more than a century, our nation and our people have given generous help to those dispossessed cheap jordans shoes by war. Little remembered now, but internationally unprecedented, was the relief effort directed by Herbert cheap jordans sale Hoover for Belgians dispossessed of homes and livelihood at the start of World War I. America’s role in helping those devastated by World War II also set a mark unparalleled by any other country. Current criticism of America’s response to refugees on our southern border cannot undo a historical record of compassion and generosity few countries have matched in total or per capita terms. cheap jordan shoes for men

cheap nike jordans Second, peace in the Horn of Africa could have a major effect on the flow of refugees. The war between Ethiopia and Eritrea not only cost lives, it also caused austerity and isolation of the much smaller Eritrea, leading to a major refugee flow over the last decade. Eritreans comprise a large percentage of Africans trying to flee into Europe through Italy, Greece and Spain; refugees on the ship Aquarius were the most recent example welcomed into Valencia, Spain, after being refused by Italy. cheap nike jordans

buy cheap retro jordans online Permanent peace requires much more than just fixing the boundary line. Eritrea had cheap adidas been part of Ethiopia for half a century, until the repressive communist dictatorship in cheap jordans shoes Ethiopia was overthrown by an alliance of Eritrean separatists and Ethiopian fighters. Five years after, the cheap jordans free shipping former allies went to war with each other. buy cheap retro jordans online

website to buy jordans for cheap During the Clinton administration, America played an active role to achieve the 2000 cheap jordans for sale truce. Subsequent presidents, however, became disengaged. The period since 2000 has seen constrained economic growth as both Cheap jordans countries maintained a war footing. This was most pointedly true in Eritrea. Due to its much smaller size, the effect of maintaining a military stressed all other social services. The university where my wife and I taught was closed: its students were sent to military training instead. Foreign investment dried up. website to buy jordans for cheap

cheap air jordans men The root causes of the war remain unresolved. Italy cheap air jordan held Eritrea as a colony, and, under Mussolini, used it to launch its invasion of Ethiopia in 1935, uniting the two regions. When the British evicted the Italians in World War II, they maintained the combined country, and cheap jordans from china so did the restored emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie. His overthrow led to the repressive communist government, which was itself overthrown by a coalition cheap nike shoes led by Eritrea’s present leader, Isaias Afwerki, and Meles Zenawi, the man who would govern Ethiopia until his death in 2012. Their alliance included a promise of independence for Eritrea, but implementing that promise created frictions that eventually led to war. Ethiopia had made major investments in Eritrea while the two countries were one, cheap jordans online including port facilities on the Red Sea. Now landlocked, Ethiopia expected easy access to what it had built. Ethiopia also expected Eritrea to use its currency a boon to Ethiopia’s export sales to its neighbor. Neither event happened. These cheap jordans in china are commercial issues, capable of resolution. America and Europe could be of immense help in that process. Involving ourselves in other countries’ turmoil might seem unrewarding to Americans. But if engagement leads to reduction in refugees from the Horn of Africa, it might be a model to follow in Central America as well. cheap air jordans men

cheap jordan sneakers for men Tom Campbell is a professor at Chapman University. As a five term member of Congress, he served on the Africa subcommittee of the House International Relations Committee, visiting Eritrea, Ethiopia and twenty other sub Saharan countries. After leaving Congress, he and his wife volunteered at the University of Asmara in Eritrea cheap jordan sneakers for men.

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